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Full text of "A sermon on the life, labours, and character, of John Strachan."

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606 



" THE RIGHTEOUS SHALL BE HAD IN EVERLASTING REMEMBRANCE." 

A SERMON, 

OK 

THE LIFE, LABOURS, AND CHARACTER, 

OF 

THE LATE HONORABLE AND RIGHT-REVEREND 

JOHN STRACHAN, D.I)., LLD, 

LORD BISHOP OF TORONTO; 

AND IN CONNECTION WITH 

THE BISHOP STRACHAN MEMORIAL CHURCH, II 

CORNWALL. 

BY THE VENERABLE ARCHDEACON PATTON, D.O.L., 

RECTOR OF CORNWALL, ONTARIO. 

Published by Request.. 

THE PROFITS, IF AN Y, TO BE DEVOTED TO THE BUILDING FUND. 



PRINTED BY JOHN LOVELL, ST. NICHOLAS STREET. 
1868. 



" THE RIGHTEOUS SHALL BE HAD IN EVERLASTING REMEMBRANCE." 

A SERMON, 

ON 

THE LIFE, LABOURS, AND CHARACTER, 

OF 

THE LATE HONORABLE AND RIGHT-REVEREND 

JOHN STBACHAN, D.D., LLP., 

LORD BISHOP OF TORONTO; 



AND IN CONNECTION WITH 



THE BISHOP STRACHAN MEMORIAL CHURCH : 

CORNWALL. 



BY THE VENERABLE ARCHDEACON PATTON, D.C.L., 



RECTOR OF CORNWALL, ONTARIO. 



Published by Request. 



THE PROFITS, IF ANT, TO BE DEVOTED TO THE BUILDING FUND. 



PRINTED BY JOHN LOVELL, ST. NICHOLAS STREET. 
1868. 



THE REQUISITION. 



Cornwall, Ontario, March 20th, 1868. 

Venerable Sir. — The undersigned, as members of the Ma- 
naging Committee of £< The Bishop Strachan Memorial Church," 
believing that much information would be afforded to the members 
of the Church generally throughout the Province, and that consi- 
derable benefit would be done to the cause we have in hand, by 
the publication of the Sermon preached by you on Sunday last, 
would most respectfully request, that you would kindly consent to 
its being published, and that the expense thereof should be charged 
to the contingent fund, and that copies of it should be distributed 
gratuitously here, and in the several portions of the Province, 
where it is your intention that pecuniary aid should be sought for 
the object contemplated. 

We have the honour to be, Venerable Sir, 
Your obedient servants, 

GEO. S. JARVIS, 
WM. COX ALLEN, 
SAM. HART, 
GEO. PRINGLE, M.D., 
GEO. SHERWOOD JARVIS, 



REV. H. AUSTON, 
EDWIN KEWIN, 
G. C. WOOD, 
P. E. ADAMS, 
JAMES OGLE. 



REPLY. 

To His Honour Judge Jarvis, His Worship the Mayor, and 
other members of the Managing Committee. 

Dear Brethren. — If the publication of the Sermon preached 
by me on Sunday last, will tend in any degree to promote the in- 
terests of the great object we all have so much at heart, I shall 
have much satisfaction in placing it at your disposal, though it 
was eertainly not written with a view to publication. 

Your friend and pastor, 

HENRY PATTON, D.C.L., 
Hector of Cornwall awl Archdeacon of Ontario. 



SEEION. 



" The righteous shall be had in everlasting remembrance."— Psalm cxii, ver. 6. 

Brethren, beloved in the Lord : 

" A prince and a great man hath lately fallen in our spiri- 
tual Israel." The Church in Canada mourns the loss of one 
of her chief rulers, the most aged, most venerable, and one 
of the most venerated of them all. Full of honours and full of 
years, after a long life of faithful labours and active exertions 
in the cause of ' Christ and his Church,' the aged and good 
Bishop of Toronto has " entered into that rest, which remaineth 
for the people of God." 

Such, my brethren, is the opening sentence of that appeal, * 
which at the suggestion, and with the kindly expressed ap- 
proval of our own respected Diocesan, I ventured respectfully 
to address to my Clerical and Lay brethren of this Diocese, 
and not of this Diocese only, but to all beyond its bounds, 
who admiring the character of that truly great and good 
man, would gladly aid in the erection of a Church, which, 
while it should perpetuate the memory of departed excellency, 
should tend also to the glory of God, and prove, moreover, 
a blessing to successive generations of Christians, worship- 
ping God on the very spot, hallowed by the venerable Bishop's 
earliest ministerial labours. 

It is in furtherance of the same pious and praiseworthy ob- 
ject, that I desire, my brethren, to address you on the pre- 
sent occasion, by giving a very brief sketch of the life, labours 

* For Appeal and Bishop's Pastoral, see Appendix A, p. 25. 



6 



and character of that venerable man of God, whose memory 
we desire to transmit to posterity by the erection of " The 
Bishop Strachan Memorial Church." " The righteous shall 
be had in everlasting remembrance." 

When a great and good man passes away, his fame and 
character become the heritage of his country, to be cherished 
and perpetuated to future generations. And in most civilized 
countries it has been a time-honoured custom, to erect some 
monumental token of respect to the memory of the brave and 
heroic ; the wise and the good. If we search the records of 
the past, we shall find that those wise and politic nations, the 
ancient Greeks and Romans, were thus accustomed to honour 
the memories of their great and mighty men. A statue, a 
triumphal arch, a pillar of stone, or some other enduring mon- 
ument, bore testimony to the merits of the deceased, and to 
the gratitude of their surviving countrymen. They acted, 
moreover, as powerful incentives to others, to emulate their 
exalted conduct ; to deserve equally well of their country ; 
and to earn similar tokens of grateful remembrance. To have 
their names engraven on a statue ; inscribed on the roll of 
fame ; or emblazoned in capitals on the page of history ; as 
the successful warrior, the profound philosopher, or the saga- 
cious statesman, were ambitious distinctions, which they 
greatly coveted. For, however some may affect to regard 
it as a matter of little moment, what respect may be paid to 
their memory, or what honours may be decreed after death, 
yet we know, in fact, that the hopes of such distinctions have 
often fired the hearts of those who were perilling their lives 
in their country's cause. The enthusiastic shout of England's 
greatest naval hero, " Victory, or Westminster Abbey," was 
but the impulsive outburst of this natural yearning of the 
human soul for posthumous renown. And having lately visit- 
ed these wondrous piles, those hallowed fanes, St. Paul's, and 
Westminster Abbey, the preacher can testify from personal 



7 



observation, how England in this respect, honours the memory 
of her mighty dead. The walls of those sacred edifices are 
covered with mural tablets ; " the long drawn aisles " are 
crowded with tombs and statues of the illustrious dead. Many 
of these monuments are, indeed, of very questionable taste, 
but still they are indicative of the high esteem which a grate- 
ful country entertained of their worth while living. Every 
Cathedral of England, and many of her most ancient parish 
churches, abound with sepulchral monuments of those, who, 
having been honoured while living, are still held in grateful 
remembrance. 

" The speaking marbles shew, 

What worthies form the hallow'd mould below ; 
Proud names, who once the reins of Empire held ; 
In arms who triumphed, or in arts excell'd ; 
Chiefs, grac'd with scars, and prodigal of blood ; 
Stern patriots, who for sacred freedom stood ; 
Judges, by whom impartial laws were given ; 
And saints, who taught and led the way to heaven." 

The application of the same principle in Canada, adorns 
the walls of our City Halls with portraits of those whom their 
fellow citizens delighted to honour ; our Osgoode Halls and 
Court Houses, with portraits of our judges and legal celebri- 
ties ; and the galleries of our Houses of Parliament, with 
those of their Speakers. 

There is, however, a better and a healthier application of 
this principle now prevailing in England and elsewhere, and 
that is, to make the monument assume a more practical and 
useful character. Thus the philanthropist and eminent phy- 
sician is honoured by the erection of a hospital ; the renowned 
warrior, by a military school or asylum ; while to the memory 
of the faithful Bishop, or the pious and learned divine, the 
erection of a Church, a college, or a memorial window in the 
Church or Cathedral to which he belonged, is justly deemed; 



8 



the most fitting monument, because God is thereby glorified, 
while " the righteous are also had in everlasting remembrance." 
* 6 To help one heaven-directed spire to rise, is now rightly 
regarded as a better memorial than either storied urn, or ani- 
mated bust." England has many such appropriate memo- 
rials, witness " The Keble College " in Oxford, just erected 
to the memory of the pious and lamented author of the Chris- 
tian Year ; while a church is even now about to be erected 
to the memory of the late amiable, learned and good Bishop of 
Lichfield, whose sudden death, (on the Saturday preceding 
my departure from England last October,) filled his diocese 
with grief and lamentation. Nor is this pious custom confined 
to the old world, for such a monumental church was erected 
a few years ago, in the City of New- York, to the memory of 
the excellent Bishop Wainwright, and a similar monument 
is, I believe, to be reared in memory of the late presiding 
Bishop of the Church in the United States, the learned and 
pious Bishop Hopkins of Vermont. 

Our Diocesan then, in accordance with the wiser spirit of 
the age, has rightly judged, that a Christian Church is the 
most fitting monument for this Diocese to erect to the glory of 
God, and in remembrance of his faithful servant, the late 
justly-lamented Bishop Strachan, who served God, in the 
Gospel of his Son, as Deacon, Priest, and Bishop, during the 
long period of 65 years. 

This long career of usefulness was commenced in Cornwall 
in 1803, he having been ordained Deacon the second day of 
May, in that year, by the first Bishop of Quebec, the father 
of the late beloved and respected Bishop Mountain. There 
must have been something peculiarly remarkable in the youth- 
ful Deacon, that especially attracted the attention of the 
learned and discriminating Prelate who ordained him ; for in 
his Report of the transaction to " the Venerable the Society 
for the Propagation of the Gospel in foreign parts," he writes 



9 



concerning him, in the almost prophetic words, which I quote 
from the Report of the Venerable Society for the year 1804, 
u The Lord Bishop of Quebec has communicated to the 
Society, in a letter dated June 25th, 1803, that the Mission 
of Cornwall has been filled up by a Mr. Strachan, whom the 
Bishop ordained for that purpose, having been first mentioned 
to the Bishop by Governor Hunter, as desirous to obtain holy 
orders in the Church of England, and afterwards recommend- 
ed by Mr. Cartwright, a member of the Executive and Legis- 
lative Councils, by the Rev. Dr. Stewart, and Mr. Chief Jus- 
tice Elmsley, and by many other gentlemen worthy of great 
regard and respect ; and the Bishop further adds, that upon 
examination, he was so well satisfied with respect to Mr. 
Strachan's principles, attainments and demeanour, that he 
must confess that he shall be more than commonly disap- 
pointed if he do not become a very useful and respectable 
Minister." It is scarcely needful to add, that the almost 
prophetic anticipations pronounced 65 years ago, were amply 
realized in the highly useful and honourable career of him, 
whose prolonged existence of 90 years, terminated so peace- 
fully and happily in November last. There must, indeed, at 
even a much earlier period of his life, have been indications of a 
superior mind, a vigorous intellect, and engaging disposition, 
when at the early age of 17 or 18, they could make so deep 
an impression on the mind of the late Dr. Duncan, Professor 
of Mathematics in the University of St. Andrews, and one of 
the most profound mathematicians of his day, that 50 years 
after their separation, he spoke to the preacher in terms of 
most affectionate regard for our then excellent Bishop, for 
whom he cherished the highest esteem to the day of his 
death. Such was also the impression produced at the same 
early age, on the mind of the late eminent Dr. Chalmers, 
" that it led to a friendship, which likewise terminated only 
with the life of that great and universally esteemed Philoso- 



10 



pher and Divine." Great, moreover, must have been the 
confidence in his ability, judgment and attainments, when at 
the very early age of 21, he was selected as a fit and proper 
person to organize and preside over the College, or Univer- 
sity, which the then Governor, the excellent Simcoe, desired 
to establish in Upper Canada. 

In pursuance of this object, Mr. Strachan left his native 
country, and after a long and toilsome voyage and journey 
of upwards of 4 months, he reached Kingston on the very 
last day of the last century. Here he encountered a bitter 
and most grievous disappointment. The object for which he 
had left Scotland was abandoned. Governor Simcoe had re- 
turned to England, and with his departure, the projected Col- 
lege was relinquished, at all events for the present. It were 
difficult to imagine a more depressing position. He had left 
prospects of advancement in his native country, and had 
come to Canada, with bright anticipations of usefulness and 
remunerative employment, in an honourable position. He 
found himself a stranger in a strange land, and without re- 
sources in an infant colony, where the population was at that 
time too sparse, and generally too poor, to afford any imme- 
diate prospect of sustaining a University such as he had hoped 
to preside over. No wonder that, for the moment, he was de- 
pressed and discouraged. In after years he stated, that had 
he possessed the means, he would at once have returned to 
Scotland, but it was wisely and happily ordered otherwise, 
for 

"There's a divinity that shapes our ends. 
Rough hew them as we will." 

His was a spirit too cheerful and hopeful to be long cast 
down, or to succumb to disappointments, which might have 
overwhelmed a less courageous heart. He was so for- 
tunate at this critical period as to form the acquaintance of 
the Hon. Richard Cartwright and the Rev. Dr. John Stuart, 



11 



gentlemen of the highest moral and religious worth, and 
highly cultivated minds ; scholars, as well as Christian gentle- 
men. A congeniality of tastes soon caused the intimacy to 
ripen into a warm and solid friendship, which was only inter- 
rupted by the chill, cold hand of death. The kindness re- 
ceived from the parents, he afterwards gratefully repaid by 
his care and culture of the children, especially those of the 
Hon. Mr. Cartwright, of whom he became the appointed 
guardian. And now occurred a change in his religious 
views, or rather, perhaps, the settling of them into one uniform, 
consistent course, from which they never afterwards swerved. 
In his early youth, his religious opinions had been subject to 
counter influences. His father was a Presbyterian, his 
mother a member of the Episcopal Church in Scotland. He 
had been in the habit of attending the religious assemblies 
of both parents, so that his religious convictions in either 
direction could not have been very decided. It has been 
said, indeed, that he was brought up in the creed of the 
Episcopal Church. And when we think of a mother's in- 
fluence in training the pliant minds of her children, we can 
scarcely doubt that his earlier impressions would be all in 
favour of his mother's Church. Nor can the Preacher hesi- 
tate to believe, that the slumbering recollections of the aged 
Prelate's experience as a child, at his own mother's knees, 
dawned afresh upon his memory, when, at the age of 73, 
and at the laying of the corner stone of Trinity College, he 
gave utterance to his own feelings, in these beautiful words • 
" With what deep emotions do we find the best and greatest 
of men recalling in after-life, the blessed influences which 
they imbibed under the paternal roof, the holy truths commu- 
nicated, and the first accents of prayer, which a pious and 
tender mother whispered in their ears, invoking the protec- 
tion of their God and Saviour before she kissed them, and 
consigned them to their night's repose. On such sweet and 



12 



pure recollections they delight to dwell, and at home all our 
best and holiest charities and affections begin, and from this 
centre they extend through an ever widening circle." Can 
we hesitate to believe, my brethren, but that such holy in- 
fluences disposed his heart, while under the paternal roof, to 
love his mother's creed and Church ? But when he left home 
and entered upon his collegiate career, all the influences and 
associations of college life in Aberdeen, and St. Andrews, 
the Divinity Lectures he attended, and his intimacy with 
such men as Chalmers, Brown, Duncan, and other eminent 
Presbyterians, inclined him strongly to their creed. 

But being now in Canada, far removed from all such asso- 
ciations, and having more leisure to read and study the sub- 
ject thoroughly, and to hold almost daily converse upon it 
with such sound and able churchmen as Mr. Cartwright and 
Dr. Stuart, he at length became thoroughly convinced of the 
superior claims, from Scripture and Catholic antiquity, of the 
Episcopal form of Church government, and of the agreement 
of the articles and creeds of the Church, with the teachings 
of both. Having thus, after long, careful and patient study, 
arrived at these conclusions, he sought Episcopal ordination, 
and was, as we have seen, appointed to his first ministerial 
charge at Cornwall, then a small, but prettily situated vil- 
lage, on the banks of the St. Lawrence. 

Here, finding his clerical duties of limited character, as 
the congregation was then but small, he was induced by the 
persuasion of many friends to open that School, which after- 
wards attained, under his able management, such well de- 
served celebrity, and such provincial fame, as " The Corn- 
wall Grammar School." 

Here it was that he trained for future usefulness many ot 
the foremost men of their time in Canada, men who gratefully 
attributed much of their after success in life, to the admirable 
system of instruction which he introduced, and the elevated 
tone of moral and religious training which he imparted. 



13 



From the rolls of the Cornwall Grammar School, we might 
select a shining galaxy of illustrious names, which are now 
inscribed on the pages of our country's history, as having 
been eminent for their social position, their judicial, ecclesias- 
tical, legislative, legal or political fame, in short, men who be- 
came famous in every walk of honourable life. From that 
long list we may transcribe the names of Robinson, Macaulay, 
Boulton, Jones, Small, Bethune, Vankoughnet, McDonnell, 
McLean, Jarvis, and others.* Of his Cornwall Grammar School 
Pupils, four became Chief Justices, one, Judge of the Court of 
Queen's Bench, one a Judge in India, three, Judges of District 
or Count y Courts, two were knighted, one is now the Bishop 
of Toronto, one the very Reverend the Dean of Montreal, three 
became Legislative Councillors, three were High Sheriffs , some 
became Physicians, Lawyers, Members of Parliament, Colonels 
of Militia and Magistrates, while several became officers in the 
army, &c, &c.f Many of these were men of whom any coun- 
try might well feel proud, and had the venerated Bishop 
conferred no further benefit upon Canada, than to educate 
such men as these, he had approved himself a public bene- 
factor, well deserving that he should be had in remembrance 
by the erection of an enduring stone church, on the spot 
where he acquired his earliest fame. For as our worthy Bishop 
justly remarks : " Cornwall will ever be identified with the 
name and earliest labours of the first Bishop of Toronto, and 
on that account it is that I earnestly, and in full confidence 
of your co-oporation, commend the Archdeacon's appeal to 
your liberality." 

Most of his Cornwall pupils have passed away, but long as 
life endured, they were his warmly attached and constant 
friends; ever retaining an affectionate regard for their honour- 
ed and beloved old master ; for though strict in discipline, he 
possessed the happy faculty of winning their esteem and 

* For a fuller list see Appendix B, p. 28. f Appendix C, p. 30. 



14 



securing their respect. More than 20 years after their 
separation at Cornwall, upwards of 40 of his Cornwall pupils 
united in presenting him with an affectionate address, and 
with a valuable testimony of their esteem, in the shape of a 
handsome piece of plate, valued at about $1200.* This 
most gratifying proof of their high regard, as it was a pleasing 
trophy of his success in the great cause of education, he 
most appropriately bequeathed to Trinity College, that noble 
seat of learning which he founded in his old age. 

A few of his Cornwall pupils still survive their venerated 
preceptor, and they will doubtless be glad, out of respect to 
his memory, and for old associations' sake, to contribute 
something to " The Bishop Strachan Memorial Church" in 
Cornwall. 

After his removal to Toronto, he still continued, for some 
years, the work of instruction, and many of his pupils there 
also, rose to distinction and usefulness. In addition to the 
Cornwall list three of these became Attorneys-General and 
Premiers, one was knighted, one is the Archdeacon of Niaga- 
ra, several are useful Clergymen, and many of them also 
became Members of Parliament, and many occupied other 
positions of honour and usefulness in the country. 

The man who could have trained so many minds to adorn 
their country's annals, must have possessed no ordinary mind 
himself, while he conferred upon his adopted country, benefits 
for which his name deserves " to be had in everlasting remem- 
brance." His successful efforts in the cause of education 
alone, in which he ever continued to take the deepest inter- 
est, were sufficient to earn from a grateful people, some public 
testimonial of their regard. 

The great secret of his success as an instructor of youth, 
consisted in the discrimination with which he studied the \ 
characters of his pupils, but especially in the means by which j 

* For address and reply see Appendix D, p. 30. 



/ 



15 



I he sought to cultivate and train their moral and spiritual, as 
well as their intellectual faculties, so as to impart religious, 

]j as well as secular instruction. His aim was, not only to ad- 
vance them in scholastic attainments, but to make them feel 
also, that they were born for immortality. In after life, he 
quoted with approval, the saying of Dr. Arnold, the great 
master of Rugby, " that science and literature will not do 
for a man's main business, they must be used in subordina- 
tion to a clearly perceived Christian end. In fact, the house 
is spiritually empty so long as the pearl of great price is not 
there, although it may be hung with all the decorations of 
earthly knowledge." I possess a small book published by 
Dr. Strachan, while at Cornwall, entitled, " The Christian 
Religion recommended in a letter to his pupils," and it is de- 
dicated to two of them, Mr. Andrew Stuart and Mr. James 
Cartwright, who had then become students-at-law. In this 
• letter he thus addresses his pupils : " As you are anxious to 
realize the fond hopes of your parents, and become the sup- 
port and glory of their age ; as you are solicitous to become 
respectable members of society, to taste the purest of all 
pleasures, to rise superior to the sorrows and troubles of this 
life, to become the favourites of God, and the heirs of immor- 
tality, I conjure you to attend to this short view of religion, 
by which you may become her determined friends, and that 
these happy prospects may never be disappointed. Religion 
improves all our faculties, and elevates the soul to the con- 
templation of the most glorious truths. Religion is a golden 
chain, the first link of which is the Supreme Being, and it 
reaches to eternity." Such was the admirable system by 
which he sought to train his scholars for both worlds, to be- 
come useful in their day and generation here, and to become 
fitted for heaven and all its glories hereafter. 

He, moreover, inculcated upon his pupils, principles of deep- 
rooted loyalty to their earthly as well as to their heavenly 



16 



Sovereign. It was, indeed, one of his favourite maxims, " Fear 
God, and honour the king." While at Cornwall, he published 
also a pamphlet, " On the character of king George the 
Third, addressed to the inhabitants of British America." In 
this treatise, he inculcates in the strongest and most forcible 
terms, attachment to their country and the British Constitu- 
tion, and the most devoted loyalty to their good and gracious 
king. Moreover, as the ominous clouds of approaching trouble 
with the United States were then already darkening the 
horizon, he exhorts Canadians, in soul-stirring words of the 
most elevated patriotism, to step forward in the hour of danger, 
to rally around the throne and the constitution, to defend 
their country, and to preserve unimpaired, the glorious pri- 
vileges they possessed as British subjects. No wonder that 
men, trained in such a school, should have been eminent for 
their loyalty all their lives ; no wonder that when the storm, 
whose gathering he had foreseen, burst at length with fury 
upon the land, the pupils of the Cornwall Grammar School 
were among the foremost to buckle on their armour at 
the sound of the trumpet's call, and to rush to the frontier, 
where a John Beverly Robinson, an Archibald McLean, a 
Macaulay, a Stanton, a Chewett, a Ridout, a Jarvis, a Mc- 
Donell and others, some of them still in their teens, did good 
service in the tented field, and where one of them, a McDon- 
ell, fell in the stubbornly contested fight of Lundy's Lane, 
while others of the Cornwall Grammar School boys were 
wounded, in the various conflicts of that memorable war, which 
crowned with such imperishable renown, the gallant militia of 
Upper Canada. Well, then, did the pupils of Dr. Strachan 
exemplify through life, and in death, the noble fruits of his 
loyal and patriotic teaching. 

Prior to these events he had, in 1812, been transferred to 
Toronto, then York. He left Cornwall, as he states,* i( with 



* Charge of 1860. 



17 



deep regret, yielding only to th.3 conviction, that his new 
sphere opened to him a larger field of usefulness." To the 
latest period of his life he ever retained a warm attachment 
to this scene of his early fame, and he always gladly rested 
here for three or four days when on his confirmation tours. 
It was here that he married, here that some of his children 
were born, and here, as he testifies, * that " he spent nine 
years very happily ; his time being fully, and on the whole, 
usefully and pleasantly occupied." We see then, brethren, 
how appropriate it is, that Cornwall should possess some en- 
during memento of the lamented Bishop's former connection 
with our Parish. 

On his subsequent career, after his removal to Toronto, it 
is not my purpose long to dwell. I am not giving his biogra- 
phy, but simply the merest sketch of his life, which is all that 
the present occasion will permit. 

During the war of 1812, he originated, and was a most 
efficient member of, the " Loyal and patriotic society," a society 
which effected much good, by cherishing and: encouraging a 
spirit of unflinching patriotism, and in mitigating many of the 
evils incident to a state of war. He was subsequently ad- 
vanced to the positions of Executive and Legislative Coun- 
cillor. In 1825 he was made Archdeacon of York, an office 
then of grave responsibility, but which gave him great in- 
fluence in the Church in Upper Canada, as the Bishop of the 
Diocese resided in Quebec, 500 miles distant. In 1889 his 
labours on behalf of loyalty, education, and the Church of 
Christ, were recognized by his being appointed the first Bishop 
of Toronto. 

Prior to this period, he had mingled more in secular af- 
fairs, and had taken a more prominent part in political mat- 
ters, than would now be considered either wise or expedient,, 
but the circumstances of the times, so different from our own, 



* Ibid p. IT. 
B 



18 



placed him in positions where he could scarcely avoid taking 
an active part in the administration of the affairs of the coun- 
try. His bold, manly and consistent defence of the rights of 
the Church, in connection with the Clergy Reserves, and 
King's College, exposed him to much obloquy and reproach ; 
but he never faltered in his purpose. Conscientiously believ- 
ing that he was doing battle in a righteous cause, he con- 
tinued to fight on with undaunted courage and indomitable 
perseverance. It was in truth, a grand, moral spectacle, to 
behold the brave old man, unmoved by the fierce assaults of 
sectarian prejudice and political animosity, bearing, almost 
alone, the brunt of the battle, and still fighting on, hoping, even 
against hope, that the voice of reason and of right might yet 
be heard, above the din of battle, the cries of faction, and the 
shouts of bitter enemies of the Church, crying, "down with her, 
down with her, even to the ground." Those days of bitter 
prejudices have long since passed away, and the good old 
man lived long enough to outlive allt heological rancour, and 
all political hatred. All religious denominations, and all 
political parties, united at his death in testifying their ad- 
miration of his sterling worth, and their respect for his 
memory. 

The sorest trial the aged prelate experienced in reference 
to these controversies, was in the destruction of all his 
long cherished hopes in connection with the University 
of King's College. When, after long delays and vexatious 
impediments, all difficul ties appeared to have been surmounted, 
and the College had been for six years in successful operation, 
renewed assaults were made upon its charter, and it was 
sought to dissever from it altogether its religious character. 
Against these attacks, the Bishop protested in the most 
vigorous and energetic manner, but all in vain. The Church 
was forcibly despoiled of her rightful position in the Univer- 
sity ; its religious character was destroyed ; and even its 



19 



name was changed from King's College, to that of the Uni- 
versity of Toronto. 

Then it was that the aged lishop, feeling that his con- 
nection with the University, which he had cherished for so 
long a period, was now for ever severed, and yet believing 
that the one great purpose of his life, the foundation of a 
Christian seat of learning, might still be accomplished, 
resolved, by God's help, and relying on the co-operation of his 
people, that the Church should yet possess a University of 
her own, one founded upon the great principle which he had 
so long before embodied in his own teaching, a University 
which, in his own eloquent language, " fed by the heavenly 
stream of pure religion, should communicate fuel to the lamp 
of genius, and enable it to burn with a brighter and a purer 
flame." " A University in which the learning should be 
sound, and the education religious." For the advancement 
of this great object, he issued a heart-stirring appeal to his 
people, which was most nobly and generously responded to. 

At the .advanced age of 72, he crossed the Atlantic, to lay 
the tale of his wrongs at the foot of the throne ; to plead his 
cause before the British public ; to solicit contributions for 
his Christian University, and . to obtain for it a Royal Charter. 
He succeeded in obtaining a very large measure of Christian 
sympathy of a very practical kind ; and at length, he had the 
proud satisfaction of beholding, in the successful opening of 
Trinity College, the crowning result of his pious exertions. 
He continued to take a warm, paternal interest in the affairs 
of this noble Institution, as long as he lived, and in death he 
did not forget it, for by his will, he left to it his large and 
well furnished library. 

And now the work of his lengthened life was drawing to a 
close. He'continued, however, to work on to the last, for he 
was resolved to die in harness. His vigorous intellect still 
retained much of its wonted fires, and his powers of physical 



20 



endurance enabled him to work far beyond the allotted span 
of ordinary life. His biographer of this period will have 
ample materials for an extended notice of the manner in 
which he ruled his Diocese, organized the Church Society 
and the Synod, and various other works of beneficent piety 
in which his active mind was constantly engaged. At length, 
the infirmities of increasing years compelled him to desire the 
assistance of a suffragan, and on the 25th day of January, 
1867, he had the great satisfaction of consecrating as his 
assistant, and destined successor, his valued and long tried 
friend Doctor Bethune, Archdeacon of Toronto, and once his 
pupil in the Cornwall Grammar School. 

The venerable man of God now felt that his work was 
done in the Church Militant, and he calmly awaited his 
summons to the Church Triumphant. The call came at 
length, and it found him ready. Calmly and quietly the 
aged warrior of the cross awaited his departure to that land 
of peace, " where the wicked cease from troubling, and the 
weary are at rest." With a heart full of faith, Jie partook 
of the holy Eucharistal feast, to strengthen him for his 
passage through the dark valley, and then full of peace, full 
of hope, and full of quiet trust and confidence in the merits 
and mercies of his Divine Redeemer, in the 90th year of his 
age, he cheerfully surrendered his soul to the God who gave 
it. He entered upon life on All Saints' Day, his spirit, 
forsaking its fleshy tabernacle on that holy festival, winged 
its happy flight to the Paradise of God, to add one more to 
the mighty host of God's elect, who there await " their per- 
fect consummation and bliss, both in body and soul, in His 
eternal and everlasting glory, through Jesus Christ our 
Lord." (Burial service). 

The sad tidings of his death spread with electric speed 
throughout the land, and ten thousand hearts, responsive to 
the shock, mourned, as those who grieved for the loss of an 



21 



intimate and endeared friend. It seemed most difficult to 
realize the fact, that one who had been identified with the 
history of the country for nearly. 70 years, had actually 
passed away for ever. Yet so it was, and nothing now 
remained for human affection, but to consign the body with 
fitting solemnities to its final resting place. His funeral was 
the most solmen and impressive ever witnessed in Western 
Canada. Never before had so vast an assembly been 
gathered from all quarters, to swell the mighty host that 
accompanied the remains of the venerated Bishop to the 
silent tomb. By proclamation of the Mayor, all shops were 
closed, all business suspended, while all classes, all creeds 
and all parties, alike united in one spontaneous, generous act 
of respectful homage to departed worth. Nor did these 
tributes of respect terminate with his burial. The Press 
generally throughout Canada noted his departure, and spoke 
of him in the kindliest terms. Even those who had been his 
most determined opponents, on public grounds, were now 
among the foremost to bear testimony to his private worth, 
and to his many public virtues as a man and a citizen. The 
Globe for example, which had ever most persistently opposed 
his public measures and policy, thus wrote of him after his 
decease : "his keenest and most unreasoning opponents must 
acknowledge, that in his efforts at realizing the ideal he had 
formed, he showed indomitable energy, noticeable mental 
power, great discernment of character, remarkable acquain- 
tance with what Dr. Chalmers called the prosperous manage- 
ment of human nature, contagious enthusiasm, a command- 
ing will, and upon the whole, a singleness, and in general an 
honesty of purpose, worthy of all respect. In the discharge 
of his more direct ecclesiastical and religious duties, we 
should think none could deny him credit for honest con- 
scientiousness. That he led a most laborious life, both as 
Priest and Bishop, is beyond all question. His well known 



22 



face and figure will no longer be seen in our streets, where 
they have been so long and so universally recognized, but 
very many will long remember him, and not a few, even of 
those who most stoutly resisted what he advocated, both in 
Church and State, will not seldom, in years to come, mention 
with respect, perhaps with something even approaching to 
affection, the name of the first Protestant Bishop of Toronto. 
Starting with almost everything against him, he, by force of 
character, perseverance, strength of will, and singleness of 
purpose, made for himself no mean place in the history of Ca- 
nada, and has at last come to the grave, like a shock of grain 
fully ripe, with many to form different and opposing opinions 
of the character of his public doings, but w^th all, ready to 
acknowledge his personal good qualities, and to staftd in hush- 
ed and reverent silence around his grave." Such was the 
testimony of one of his most determined opponents ; how much 
more favourable still the estimate of his character, by those 
who knew him more intimately, and who looked upon his 
public policy from a far different point of view. 

A few additional traits of his character must yet be noticed, 
although 1 have already trespassed beyond the limits of an 
ordinary discourse. 

The late Bishop was of a cheerful and happy disposition : 
genial and hearty in manner, with a well stored mind, and 
unfailing fund of good humour, he was a most instructive, 
pleasing and entertaining companion. He was a hospitable 
and bountiful host, though himself of extremely temperate ? 
almost abstemious habits. He possessed strong natural good 
sense, a vigorous intellect, and a facile pen. His powerful 
will, energy of character, tenacity of purpose, and indomit- 
able spirit have been universally acknowledged. He was be- 
loved by his clergy to whom he was as a father and friend, 
for though he could be sharp in rebuke, when he judged it 
necessary, yet his general intercourse with them was of the 



23 



kindliest character. He sympathised with his clergy in their 
.troubles, and many a sorrowful heart was made glad by his 
kind paternal counsels, and by his seasonable and practical 
benevolence. He was impartial in the administration of his 
diocese, recognizing merit wherever he found it, and the ac- 
tive, zealous clergyman of whatever school, wa3 sure of his 
steady support and countenance. He was a firm and constant 
friend, and if any for whom he once formed an attachment, 
forfeited his esteem, the fault must usually have been their 
own. He was a kind and loving husband, and an affectionate 
father. He was specially fond of little children, and soon did 
the little ones of a family gather around the good, kind old 
man, who fondled and patted them, as if they were his own. 
His bodily Jaealth was unusually good. Of a short yet robust 
frame, a strong and healthy constitution, he possessed great 
powers of physical endurance, which well entitled him to be 
called, " the iron Bishop." He was exceedingly liberal in 
his charities, and sometimes even munificent in his gifts, as 
witness his donation of £1,000 to the Church Society at its 
organization ; and a like munificent sum to Trinity College ; 
besides constantly giving £5 or £10 to every new Church 
and Parsonage in his diocese, and liberal contributions to the 
Episcopal Funds, Colleges, Hospitals and other benevolent 
objects ; no wonder that he died comparatively poor at last. 
He was of unblemished reputation, and of high moral worth 
and rectitude of conduct. His sense of duty was wonder- 
fully strong, and he was always most punctual in the discharge 
of it, even under circumstances where a more timid Christian 
might have quailed. Of undaunted courage and pious confi- 
dence in the overruling Providence of God, he remained sted- 
fast at his post during those' terrible visitations, the cholera 
seasons of 1832 and 1834, and the ship or emigrant fever of 
1847. When the hearts of thousands in the city failed them 
for fear, he encouraged them by his heroic, self-denying and 



24 



brave example. " He counted not his life dear unto himself," 
so that he might do his Master's work, by ministering to the 
sick and the afflicted. After the example of his Lord, he 
" went about doing good." He was a constant attendant at 
the hospitals, he knelt fearlessly by the bed of the sick and 
the dying, nay, he has been known to aid in lowering the 
coffins of the dead, when even the affections of the nearest re- 
latives shrunk from contact with the fell destroyer, and he 
and the sexton were left to perform, unaided, the last sad 
offices due to poor humanity. Firm in the confidence of faith 
and pious trust in God, " He was not afraid for the terror by 
night, nor for the arrow that flieth by day, for the pestilence 
that walketh in darkness ; nor for the sickness, that destroy- 
eth in the noon day, * * * and dwelling under tte defence 
of the Most High, he was delivered from the noisome pestil- 
ence." His heroic conduct and cheerful spirit tended to re- 
assure the minds of thousands, and by infusing a like trust- 
and confidence in God, mitigated the dangers of the disease. 
The citizens of Toronto, gratefully sensible of his pious and 
unwearied devotion to the cause of suffering humanity, during 
these trying periods, united in presenting him with an address, 
expressive of their high admiration of his Christian conduct, 
and accompanied the address by the presentation of a beauti- 
ful silver vase, * valued at £100. 

It were easy, my brethren, to dwell at greater length upon 
the life, character and labours of the lamented prelate, but 
grateful as would be the theme, and prolific of thought as is 
the subject, the time and the occasion will not allow of a more 
extended notice of one, whom the preacher loved, with a deep 
and abiding affection. Let it suffice to sum up his character 
in these few words : He was a pious, humble-minded Chris- 
tian, having strong faith in God, and devoted trust in the 
merits and mercies of his Divine Redeemer. " For him to 
live was Christ, and to die was gain." 

* Appendix E, p. 36. 



25 



And now, brethren, I trust that we are, one and all, pre- 
pared to adopt, and act upon the advice of our own respected 
diocesan. " That while the benefits which the good Bishop 
conferred upon the Province, are still fresh in our minds, we 
should erect to his memory that memorial which will com- 
mend itself to all — a Church in Cornwall." " The righteous 
shall be had in everlasting remembrance." 

APPENDIX A., p. 5. 

IN MBMOEIAM. 

THE BISHOP STRACHAN MEMORIAL CHURCH, CORNWALL, 
DIOCESE OF ONTARIO. 

PASTORAL OF THE BISHOP OF ONTARIO. 

To the Clergy and Laity of the Diocese of Ontario : 

Reverend Brethren and Brethren, — Since the death of the 
venerable Bishop of Toronto, I have considered the steps which 
should be taken by the Diocese of Ontario to do honour to his me- 
mory. I never doubted but that some means would be adopted 
by this portion of the Bishop's old Diocese to perpetuate our sense 
of his great services to the Church, and to the cause of education 
in Canada; but since my return from England, I learned that 
differences of opinion existed regarding the character of the pro- 
posed memorial. It seems to me that we should not waste time 
in endeavouring to adjust differences in detail ; but, while the 
benefits which the good Bishop conferred upon the Province are 
still fresh in our minds, we should erect to his memory that me- 
morial which will commend itself to all, — a Church in Cornwall. 

At my suggestion, the Venerable Archdeacon Patton will make 
an appeal to all Churchmen in the diocese, which will explain more 
fully the appropriateness of the proposed memorial ; but I would 
remind you that Cornwall will ever be identified with the name 
and labours of the first Bishop of Toronto, and on that account it is 



26 



that I earnestly, and in full confidence of your co-operation, com- 
mend the Archdeacon's appeal to your liberality. 

Let our Diocesan. offering to perpetuate the memory of our vene- 
rated Father in God, take the shape recommended in the Arch- 
deacon's letter, and I have no doubt that loving hearts will be 
found in the Diocese more than sufficient to enable us to bring 
this sacred project to a successful completion. 

I am, your faithful servant in Christ, 

J. T. ONTAEIO. 

Kingston, 14th February, 1868, 



THE ARCHDEACON'S APPEAL. 

" A Prince and a great man hath lately fallen in our spiritual 
Israel." The Church in Canada mourns the loss of one of her 
chief rulers, the most aged, most venerable, and one of the most 
venerate.! of them all. Full of honours and full of years, after a 
long life of faithful labours and active exertions in the cause of 
Christ and his Church, the aged and good Bishop of Toronto has 
" entered into that rest which remaineth for the people of God." 

The Diocese of Toronto is about to erect some monument to his 
memory, but it is deemed fitting that the Diocese of Ontario should 
also possess some suitable memorial, to perpetuate the memory of 
one who passed the first twelve years of his life in Canada, within its 
present bounds ; and who, before its separation from Toronto, pre- 
sided over it with exemplary diligence, and affectionate solicitude 
as its Bishop for the space of 23 years. 

By the advice therefore, and with the most cordial approval of 
the Lord Bishop of Ontario (as expressed above) it is proposed to 
erect on the site of the present Trinity Church, in the town of 
Cornwall, a substantial stone Church to be an enduring Diocesan, 
as well as Parochial memorial, of that venerable man of God. 

Cornwall is justly regarded as the most suitable place in the Dio- 
cese, for such a memorial, inasmuch as it was the scene of his ear- 
liest ministerial labours; the parish in which he faithfully discharged 
the duties of his Sacred Office from 1803, the date of his ordina- 
tion, until 1812, the period of his removal to Toronto, then the 
Town of York. 

It was in Cornwall, moreover, that he laid the foundation of that 
educational fame, for which he became so justly renowned. Under 



27 



his able mastership, the^ornwal'. Grammar School obtained a wide- 
spread reputation ; and many of the foremost men of their time 
in Canada, gratefully attributed much of their after success in life, 
to the admirable system of instruction which he introduced, and 
the elevated tone of moral aryl religious training which he im- 
parted. Is it expecting too much to hope, that such of his former 
pupils as still survive, and the children of those, who, like their 
Venerable Instructor, have passed away, will gladly honour his 
memory, by contributing to the Memorial Church ? 

The present Church in Cornwall, is a wooden edifice erected 
through the active exertions of the then youthful Minister, 63 
years ago! A long period for a frame Church to continue; but 
now requiring to be replaced by a larger and more substantial 
structure. v 

The Congregation,' though well disposed to use their utmost ex- 
ertions, are not able to build a suitable Church without assistance ; 
and they therefore most gratefully adopt the advice of their re- 
spected Bishop, by appealing to the Diocese at large, as* well as to 
the other numerous friends of the lamented Prelate, who live be- 
yond its limits, to aid them in the erection of a Monumental 
Church. 

All, therefore, who honour the memory of that brave old warrior 
of the Cross, that faithful and devoted servant of his divine Lord, 
and who at the same time desire to do honour to his Master and 
theirs, are respectfully and earnestly invited to contribute to this 
memorial of one, who, under God, may be justly regarded as the 
Father of the Church in Western Canada, where, during his minis- 
terial lifetime, the members of the clergy of the Church increased 
from four in 1803, to 284 in 1867, and where three Dioceses now 
exist, in what then formed a part only of the single Diocese of 
Quebec. 

Many of these clergy were ordained by the late Bishop, during 
the 28 years of his Episcopate. By these, as well as by many < ther 
of the Clergy, to whom he ever proved a kind friend, as well as a 
loving father in God, he is doubtless held in affectionate remem- 
brance ; and it is, therefore, hoped that they will take a kind inte- 
rest in this holy work, and will endeavour to promote it- success. 

The contemplated church cannot cost le-s than between four 
and five thousand pounds. Contributions made payable in from 
one to five years, will be gratefully received and most thankfully 



28 



acknowledged by the Rector of the Parish, and the Managing 
Committee of " The Bishop Strachan Memorial Church." 

H. PATTON, D. C. L., 
Rector of Cornwall, and Archdeacon of Ontario. 
Cornwall, Feb. 14, 1868. 



The Cornwall Corresponding and Managing Committee : — 



The Venerable Archdeacon Pat- 
ton, Rector. 

Rev. H. Auston, B.A., Curate. 

His Honour Judge Jarvis. 

His Worship the Mayor. 

Hon. P. Vankoughnet. 

Geo. Sherwood Jarvis and James 
Ogle, Churchwardens. 

J. J. Dickinson, M.D. 

Samuel Hart. 

Edwin Kewin. 

P. E. Adams. 



George C. Wood. 

George Pringle, M.D. 

R. P. Eastman. 

A. J. Barnhart. 

W. G. Barnhart, Jun. 

John G. Snetsinger. 

Jacob Gallinger. 

Edward Farlmger. 

James R. Campbell. 

Thomas G. Anderson. 

George E. Robertson, Esquires. 



Rev. H. AUSTON, B. A., Secretary. 
SAMUEL HART, Esq., Treasurer. 



APPENDIX B. p. 13. 

The following is believed to be a nearly correct list of all the 
Pupils who attended the Cornwall Grammar School, with the po- 
sitions to which some of them subsequently attained. I found it 
impossible, after such a lapse of time, to ascertain such particulars 
with reference to all. 

Aherne, Henry. Boulton, George S., Hon. Mem- 

Anderson, Robert G., Teller Bank ber of L. C. 

of Upper Canada. Boulton, James, lawyer. 

Bethune. John, D.D., Dean of i Bushy, Alexander. 

Montreal. ! Chewett, William. 

Bethune, Alex. N., D.D., Lord J Chewett, James G., Senior Sur- 

Bishop of Toronto. veyor, Surveyor General's De- 

Bethune, James G., Cashier of partment. 

Branch Bank of U. C. Claus, Warren. 

Bruce, William, Physician. Clarke, Simon, Capt. Voltigeurs. 

Boulton, Henry John, Attorney- Campbell, James. 

General of U. C, and Chief j Campbell, Duncan. 

Justice of Newfoundland. j Colburn, Erastus, U. S. 



29 



Crawford, John, merchant, Lon- 
don, England. • 

Crawford, William. 

Cozens, Nelson, lawyer. 

Chesley, S. Y., MP., Head Clerk 
Indian Department, and J.P. 

Dixon, Thomas. 

Donovan, Samuel. 

Forsyth, William A., merchant. 

Foote, William. 

Ford, Jacob, XL S. Colonel. 

Fraser, Simon. 

Gates, Walter F., merchant and 

J. P. 
Grant, William. 
Gregory, George. 
Gibb, J. D., Merchant Tailor. 
Grant, William A. 
Gugy, Bartholomew, lawyer, 

Adjutant General Militia and 

M.P. 

Gugy, Thomas, lawyer. 
Griffin, Frederick, lawyer. 
Hughes, Guy. 
Hall, Charles. 

Hail, William, an eminent Phy- 
sician. 

Hallowell, William, Chief Teller 

Bank B. N. A. 
Hallowell, Robert. 
Hays, Moses, Chief of Police. 
Hoople, John. 
Hingston, Thomas. 
Jones, Jonas, M.P., Col. Militia, 

and Judge of Court Queen's 

Bench. 

Jones, Alpheus, Postmaster,J.P 
and Custom-house officer at 
Prescott. 

Jones, Jonathan, lawyer. 

Jones, Dunham, J.P. and Custom 
House officer. 

Jarvis, Samuel Peter, Dep'y. Se- 
cretary and Registrar, U. C. 

Kay, Wm., J. P. and merchant. 

LaCasse, Andrew. 

Mason, J. M., Officer 24th Regt. 
• Mitchell, George. 

Mitchell James. 

Macaulay, J. B., Sir Jas. B. Chief 
Justice. 



Macaulay, John Simcoe, Colonel 

Royal Engineers. 
Macaulay, Wm., Rector of Picton, 
Macaulay, John, Hon. member 

L. C, and Inspector-Gen. U.C. 
Macaulay, J., lawyer. 
Munro, Cornelius. . 
Munro, John. 
Munro David. 

McLean, Archibald, Speaker H. 

of Assembly, and Chief Justice 
McLean, John, Sheriff Mid. Dis' t 
McLean, Alexander, M. P., Col. 

Militia, and J.P. 
McLean, Wm. (shot at Niagara.) 
McDonell, Donald iEneas, Sher- 
iff, Col. Militia, J. P., Warden of 

Penitentiary, and M.P. 
McDonell Donald, (Greenfield), 

Sheriff E. D., and Dep. Adjt.- 

General. 
McDonell Duncan, (Greenfield), 

Col. Militia and surveyor. 
McDonell, James Fraser, Capt. 

62nd Regiment. 
McDonell, Alex., Lieut. 104th 

Regt.— (drowned at Quebec). 
McDonell, John, Ensign, (killed 

at Lundy's lane). 
McKenzie, Roderick. 
MeKenzie, George. 
McKenzie, Alexander. 
McMartin, Daniel, lawyer. 
McCutcheon, Wm. 
McGillivray, Peter, 
Norton, Asa. „ 
Norton, Leomis. 
O'Brien, E., Officer in Army. 
Pyke, Thomas. 
Porteous, James. 
Porteous, John. 
Petrie, William. 

Richardson, Thos., Judge in India 
Rankin, David. 
Rankin, James. 

Robinson, John Beverly, became 
Sir J. B. R., M.P. Speaker L. C, 
and Chief Justice. 

Robinson, Peter, Hon. Commis- 
sioner of Crown Lands, M.L.C. 

Robinson, Wm. B., M. Ex-Coun- 



30 



cil, Hon. Commissioner Public 

Works, and M.P. 
Ridout, Geo., Banister, Judge 

Niagara District 
Ridout, Thomas, Cashier U. C. 

Bank. 
Reinhart John. 

Radenhurst, John, 1st clerk 
of Surveyor-General's Depart- 
ment. 

Radenhurst, Thomas, lawyer. 
Short, James. 

Smith, David John, merchant. 
Smith, William B. 
Steele, Abraham G. 
Scott, Bolton. 

Scott, Robert, Lieut. Canadian 
Fencibles — (died during the 
war in 1813). 

Stanton, Robert, King' s Printer. 



Stanton-Wm., Dep'y. ass't. Com- 
missary-General. 
Stevens, Nelson. 
Sheeks, Isaac, lawyer. 
Small, Charles. 

Small, James A. Judge Co. Court 
Vankoughnet, Philip, Col. Mili- 
tia, Govt, arbitrator, Hon. M. 
L. C. 

Vankoughnet, Michael. 

Washburn, David, lawyer. 

Wilkinson, Alex., lawyer. 

Waarffe, Andrew. 

Woolrich, James. 

Wood, Guy C, J.P., Lt.-Colonel 
Militia, Post Master, and Col. 
Customs. 

Weatherhead, John, J.P., Inspec- 
tor Licences. 

Webb, Robinson. 



APPENDIX C. p. 13. 



CHIEF JUSTICES. 

Sir John Beverly Robinson, 
Sir James Buchanan Macaulay. 
Henry John Boulton. 
Archibald McLean. 

JUDGES. 

Jonas Jones, Court of Queen's 
» Bench. 

Thomas Richardson, Judge in 
India. 

DISTRICT OR COUNTY JUDGES. 

George Ridout. 
James Small. 
Alexander Chewett. 



KNIGHTED. 

Sir J. B. Robinson. 
Sir Jas. B. Macaulay. 

Bishop, The Right Rev. A. N. Be- 
thune, D.D. 

Dean, The very Rev. J. Bethune. 
D.D. 

LEGISLATIVE COUNCILLORS. 

Hon. Philip Vankoughnet. 
Hon. John Macaulay. 
Hon. J. H. Markland. 

SHERD7FS. 

John McLean. 

Donald iEneas McDonald. 

Donald McDonald. 



APPENDIX D. p. 14. 

Presentation of a Piece of Plate to the Venerable Dr. 
Strachan.— We have no doubt that the numerous friends of the 



31 



Hon. and Venerable the Archdeacon of York, who have witnessed 
his continued and unwearied exertions in the cause of education 
in this Province, which have been attended with a very great de- 
gree of success, will derive much satisfaction from the perusal of 
the following communication, which we have been requested to 
insert. 

The piece of plate, procured from London, and which, we are 
informed, is executed in a style, singularly chaste and classical, 
was presented yesterday, by a number of the former pupils of the 
venerable gentleman, some of whom attended from a distance. 

The occasion must have been one as gratifying to the feelings 
of their late tutor, as it was honourable to those of his former 
pupils, so many of whom, bearing in grateful recollection his 
arduous endeavours in the cultivation of their minds in youth, and 
the steady friendship which he has evinced towards them in after 
life, have united, after so great a length of time, in presenting to 
him this tribute of their respect and esteem. 

We have not yet seen the piece of plate presented, but we 
understand it to be a very beautiful Epergne (cost about £230 
sterling), made by Messrs. Grey, Hunt, Hawly and Denton, emi- 
nent goldsmiths in London, assisted in the design by Thomas 
Campbell, Esq., the author of the Pleasures of Hope, and by Wm. 
Dacres Adams, Esq. of London, who kindly consented to aid the 
artists with their suggestions. The base, which is particularly 
chaste and elegant in its proportions and design, supports four 
classical figures, representing Religion, History, Poetry and Geo- 
graphy; and surrounding a column, around which twine the ivy 
and acanthus, the whole surmounted with a wreath. Within the 
square of the Pedestal, not exposed to view, are engraved the 
names and place of residence of the gentlemen who presented 
this tribute, many of whom, besides the Rector of Montreal, who 
attended in person on the occasion, are at present holding respon- 
sible situations in the colony, including the Chief Justice, and one 
other of the Judges of the Court of King's Bench, and the Speaker 
of the House of Assembly. 

York, 2d July, 1833. 
Sir, — We are desired as a Committee in behalf of a number of 
gentlemen, who have united in presenting to the Hon. and Ven. 
Dr. Strachan, their former Tutor, a piece of Plate, as a testimony 
of their respect and esteem, to request that you will have the 
goodness to insert in the Courier the address which was delivered 
to him on the occasion, together with his answer. 



32 



The pedestal of the piece of Plate exhibits on its four sides the 
following inscription : — 

1. Presented to the Hon. and Ven. John Strachan, D.D., Archdeacon 
of York, in Upper Canada, President of King's College, and Member 
of the Legislative and Executive Councils in that Province. 

2. By more than forty of those who were his Pupils at Cornwall, and 
ivho, though now widely dispersed, have united, after the lapse of more 
than 20 years, in offering this tribute of affection and respect. 

3. In grateful recollection of his warm and constant friendship, and 
of the instruction and advice of which twenty years' experience of life 
has taught them the value. 

4. Presented on the 2d day of July, 1833. 

" Sunt hie etiam sua preemia laudV 
We are, Sir, 

Your obedient Servants, 

. JOHN B. ROBINSON. 
J. B. MACAULAY. 
ROBERT STANTON. 
W. MACAULAY. 

Mr. George Gurnett, Editor of the Courier. 



To the Honourable and Venerable John Strachan, D.D., Archdea- 
con of York, in Upper Canada, President of King's College 
and member of the Legislative and Executive Councils in that 
Province. 
Dear and Venerable Sir, 

In presenting you with a piece of plate as a memorial of their 
respect and esteem, your pupils whom you educated at Cornwall 
are performing an act most agreeable to their feelings. It is now 
long since our relation of Tutor and Scholar has been dissolved, 
but amidst the vicissitudes which the lapse of njore than twenty 
years has presented, we have never ceased to reflect with grati- 
tude upon your unwearied efforts to cultivate our minds and 
strengthen our understandings, and above all, to implant in our 
hearts those principles which alone could make us good Christians, 
faithful subjects to our King, and independent and upright mem- 
bers of society. 

Our young minds received then an impression, which has 
scarcely become fainter from time, of the deep and sincere inte- 
rest which you took not only in our advancement in learning and 
science, but in all that concerned our happiness, or could affect 
our future prospects in life. 



33 



Those who have since had the pleasure of frequent intercourse 
with you, have found you always the same warm, sincere and 
constant friend, ever ready to rejoice in their prosperity, and to 
extend your advice and assistance amidst the doubts and difficul- 
ties which have occasionally crossed their path. Those whom 
the varied pursuits of life have separated from you during this 
long interval, have never felt less assured of a place in your esteem ; 
and we all unite with the most cordial satisfaction in thus acknow- 
ledging the gratification we receive from our early recollections. 

At the period when most of us were withdrawn from your care, 
we received your parting benediction, and your paternal counsels 
for our guidance in life, expressed in terms which made a lasting 
impression. Now that so many years have intervened, and years 
so full of eventful changes, it must, we are persuaded, be a source 
of much pleasure to a person of your benevolent and friendly dis- 
position, to find that Providence has spared so many of those 
whose character you laboured to form, and has blessed them very 
generally with health and prosperity. 

On our part we beg to assure you that we can scarcely call to 
mind an occasion in all the years that have past which has given 
rise to stronger feelings of satisfaction than we experience at this 
moment in delivering into your hands a memorial of our long 
cherished affection and respect. 

Presented at York, Upper Canada, July 2, 1833. 

(Signed) 



John B. Robinson, York. 
John Bethune, Montreal. 
R. Or. Anderson, York. 
George Ridout, York. 
J. C. Chewett, York. 
Samuel P. Jarvis, York. 
J. B. Macaulay, York. 
Thomas G. Ridout, York. 
Robert Stanton, York. 
G. S. Boulton, Cobourg. 
W. B. Robinson, Newmarket. 
Jonas Jones, Brockville. 
John Radenhurst, York. 
W. Macaulay, Picton. 
A. N. Bethune, Cobourg. 
Henry Ahene, Vandrieul. 
John Crawford, London. 
J. G. Bethune, Cobourg. 
James D. Gibb, Montreal. 
G. Gregory, Montreal. 
F. Griffin, Montreal. 



A. B. C. Gugy, Quebec. 

A. Jones, Prescott. 

J. Macaulay, Kingston. 

J. McLean, Kingston. 

A. McLean, Cornwall. 

J. McDonell, Montreal. 

D. McDonell, Cornwall. 

D. McDonell, Cornwall. 

A. McLean, Cornwall. 

J. S. Macauly, Woolwich. 

G. H. Markland, York. 

G. Mitchell, Penetanguisheen 

T. Richardson, India. 

W. Stanton, Africa. 

P. Vankoughnet, Cornwall. 

J. Weatherhead, Brockville 

G. C. Wood, Cornwall. 

A. Wilkinson, Cornwall 

D. J. Smith, Kingston. 

J. Macaulay, Cornwall 

T. Pyke, Halifax. 



THE ARCHDEACON'S REPLY, 

My Dear Friends, 

That my heart should be full on this interesting occasion is * 
natural. 

Such a memorial of your affection and respect brings back in a 
stream of joy the days of your education at Cornwall; a period, 
doubtless, of great anxiety, but, from the large promise which 
you then exhibited, of far greater satisfaction. 

The feelings of ardent friendship which you manifested for one 
another when about to separate, and which produced a solemn 
pledge of your determination to apply the knowledge and high 
principles which you had acquired in promoting the good of 
society, come forcibly to my mind at this happy moment, when, I 
can most truly affirm, that the pledge so nobly given has been 
more than redeemed. 

As you never ceased, during the long period which has elapsed 
since our relation of Teacher and Scholar was dissolved, frequent 
as it has been with so many vicissitudes, to reflect with gratitude 
on my humble endeavours to cultivate your minds, strengthen 
your understandings, and implant in your heart those principles 
which alone can make us good Christians, faithful subjects, and 
upright members of society; I may with honest pride declare, 
that during the same period my happiness has been greatly in- 
creased by witnessing from year to year the pleasing and encour- 
aging results which attended your progress in the busy world. 

Have I not beheld you rising to eminence in your several pro- 
fessions, gaining the confidence of all around you, looked up to in 
the societies in which you move, and quoted as examples to the 
rising generation? In this province you are filling the highest 
situations with an advantage to the community, which is univer- 
sally acknowledged. In Lower Canada, in England, and wherever 
you have gone, you have won the highest favour and distinction. 

Surely I have great cause to bless that kind Providence which, 
notwithstanding my numerous deficiencies, has graciously made 
me the instrument of planting those sentiments and virtues in 
your bosoms which, fostered by your diligent care, are now yield- 
ing fruits so precious and abundant. 

That I should cherish a deep and unwearied interest, not only 
in your advancement in learning and science, but in all that con- 
cerned your happiness, and could effect your future prospects in 
life, was certainly to be expected, for I was strongly impressed 



#35 



from the first with my responsibility as your Teacher, and I felt 
that to be really useful I must become your friend. It has ever 
been my conviction that our scholars should be considered for the 
time our children, and that as parents we should study their char- 
acters, and pay respect to their several dispositions if we really 
wish to improve them, for if we feel not something of the tender 
relation of parents towards them, we cannot expect to be success- 
ful in their education. 

It was on this principle, that I endeavoured to proceed — strict 
justice tempered with parental kindness — and the present joyful 
meeting evinces its triumph ; it treats the sentiments and feelings 
of scholars with proper consideration, and while it gives the heart 
and affections full freedom to show themselves in filial gratitude on 
the one side and fatherly affection on the other, it proves that un- 
sparing labour accompanied with continual anxiety for the learner's 
progress, never fails to ensure success, to beget esteem, and to 
produce a friendship between master and scholar, which time can 
never dissolve. 

To behold so many gentlemen educated in the same place assem- 
bling after so long a period of separation, to honour their teacher, 
is an event of rare occurrence ; but it will be clothed with a pub- 
lic as well as private interest, should it encourage faithful teachers, 
and cheer them in their arduous employment, by multiplying 
meetings similar to this, and introducing a more affectionate inter- 
course through life, between them and their pupils. 

In my occasional communications with you since your entrance 
into active life, I should have deprived myself of a most product- 
ive source of delight had I not rejoiced in your increasing prosper- 
ity, and volunteered my best advice and assistance to any who 
chanced to be in doubt or difficulty. — Every increase of your hap- 
piness I felt an increase to my own, and to forward your honourable 
objects has ever .been to me a favourite employment ; nor can I 
claim for this the slightest praise, for in promoting your interests, 
I was promoting my own ; nor should I have been less ready to 
forward the laudable views of those, who have been far removed 
from the sphere of my influence, had opportunity offered. 

Towards those who have surpassed me in station and ability, I 
can most sincerely avow that my feelings have been those of a 
parent rejoicing at the elevation of his children. 

The deep impression made on all our hearts in the hour of your 
departure from Cornwall, this meeting refreshes and renews ; you 



36* 



plighted mutual friendship and plighted the reign of virtue and 
religion in your breasts, and amidst prayers and blessings for your 
future happiness, I undertook to become the centre of your com- 
munication, and what more happy result could the most sanguine 
have anticipated, than to find so many spared in health and pros- 
perity by our merciful Creator, to meet together on this happy 
occasion. 

Accept, my dear friends, the warm acknowledgments of a heart 
totally unable to give utterance to the emotions with which it is 
agitated ; deep and lasting as my existence will this proof of your 
sincere friendship be retained, it tells me by sweet experience, 
that there are moments' of virtuous enjoyments which would be 
cheaply purchased by the longest life of honorable and laborious 
exertion, moments which are granted to very few in this transitory 
world, and for one of the most exquisite of which I am this day in- 
debted to your abiding affection. 



APPENDIX E. p. . 24. 

The Vase presented on this occasion was composed of solid silver, 
18 inches high. On the tripod was the following inscription : — 

THIS VASE WAS PRESENTED 

TO THE HONOURABLE AND VENERABLE 

ARCHDEACON STRACHAN, D.D., 

BY A NUMBER OF THE INHABITANTS OF 

THE CITY OF TORONTO j 

As a memorial of their respect and gratitude for his fearless and 
humane devotion to his pastoral duties during the season 
of great danger and distress, from the visitation 
of an apalling pestilence. 

"For he that in these things serveth Christ, is acceptable to God, 
and approved of men."— Rom. xiv. 18. 




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